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malta

INTENSIVE ENGLISH

5 Islands of Malta

Planning to visit Malta? To get to all the hot spots you need to cross the sea. Besides the main island of Malta there is Gozo, Comino, Manoel Island, St Paul’s Island and a few more. Which ones can you visit and which is worth the effort? The 5 biggest islands, including the mainland, are described below.

5 Islands of Malta


Malta

Malta is the largest island of the list, situated in the mediterranean, south from Italy and North from Libya. The capital of Malta is Valletta, which is also the capital of Europese Culture 2018. Malta does not have large cities like other European countries but a lot of smaller towns which are blended into each other creating a huge urban area. The first signs of humans on Malta indicate that Malta has been inhabited since 5200 BC. Malta is unique not only because of its position in the mediterranean but also because of its vibrant history. It has been ruled by many different kingdoms. This resulted in influences from all cultures in both the architectural creations and historic traditions. After being ruled by Arabs, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans and Byzantines the island Malta was occupied by Sicily, its neighbour. The Sicilians gave Malta to the Order of Saint John which was a catholic military. The Order ruled Malta for 250 years and build some of history’s greatest military architectural establishments including Valletta. Today Malta is a popular destination for diving, English education, tourism, online businesses and parties.


Gozo

Gozo is the second largest island of Malta and is situated north from Malta. Victoria is its capital. It is more rural than the main island which makes it a popular destination for the Maltese for a small holiday. Gozo is famous for the Ġgantija temples, the Azure Window, the old city Victoria, the stunning diving areas and the bay Red Sands. Just like Malta Gozo has a rich history. Gozo has been inhabited since 5000 BC. The old Ġgantija temples (3600 BC) and the citadel of Victoria (first signs of fortification 1500BC) are famous examples of Gozo’s cultural history. Gozo is also home of the internationally famous La Grotta club. This club in an ancient cave is something you will not see anywhere else. Another reason to travel to gozo for the Maltese people is to participate in its excessive carnival celebrations.


Comino

Comino is notorious for its Blue Lagoon and diving sites. It has been named after cumin which used to be all over the island. In its history it has been more populated. For example in the 16th and 17th century the Island was used for the imprisonment of exiled knights that received the lonely duty of manning the St Mary’s Tower as a punishment. But for most documented history Comino has been barely populated, privately owned or exiled. Today Comino is packed with visitors that go swimming in the beautiful Blue Lagoon, tourists that walk around the beautiful island and culture lovers that want to see St Mary’s Tower. Comino is also a popular destination for divers and snorkelers.


Manoel Island

The huge “Fort Manoel” is build upon the Manoel Island in 1726. The fort is considered one of the best military engineered buildings of the 18th century. The island provides a great view from the capital of Malta - and the European capital of culture 2018. The fort had an important role in wars throughout history. In WW II it was used as Royal Navy Base. The Luftwaffe destroyed The Capital of St Anthony and other parts of the cultural heritage. The restoration is still in process and most parts of the Island are closed down for public.


St Paul's Island

Vicenzo Borg - the last person who lived on this St Paul’s Island - left the island in 1930. Vicenzo used the old tower on the island as a farmhouse. Since the abomination of the Island by Vicenzo St Paul’s Island has been the biggest uninhabited island of Malta.